In order to manage and control diabetes, blood sugar self-testing is a must to be done every day or even after every meal. Measuring your blood sugar level on your own can help to alert you when your blood sugar levels drop or rise beyond your target range. This may even help to prevent an emergency situation in some cases.
The accuracy of your results will no doubt be tied to the accuracy of your checking — and to your understanding of what all the numbers mean. You may learn from the tips below on how to monitor your blood sugar correctly to get the most useful readings.
1. Establish a routine for how often and when you should test your blood sugar
Discuss with your doctor and plan your routine for self-testing. The doctor may suggest checking it while you’re fasting, before and after meals, or before bedtime. Each person might have a different situation, so it’s important to decide on an arrangement that will work for you.
- Fasting blood sugar: After 8 to 10 hours of fasting, the fasting blood sugar value can be tested to know the health status of pancreatic islets under normal circumstances.
- Blood sugar before meals: Blood sugar will drop before eating.
- Blood sugar 2 hours after meals: Blood sugar will rise after eating.
By measuring the blood sugar levels before and after meals, we can monitor the ability of blood sugar control, adjust the use of drugs, or evaluate health status.
- Blood sugar level before going to bed: While sleeping, it is likely to have unstable blood sugar, especially hypoglycemia at night, which may cause the risk of myocardial infarction. Therefore, check your blood sugar before going to bed, so you can know whether there is a risk of hypoglycemia.
2. Know your target range
The amount of sugar in your blood fluctuates throughout the day depending on conditions, for instance, you've just eaten and how long it's been since you've eaten anything. This is why it’s important to know what your target range should be, depending on the timing. Although there are generally accepted guidelines, your doctor or nurse may want you to focus on different numbers that are best for your health. So, make sure you know what your personal targets should be.
The normal range of blood sugar levels:
- Fasting normal blood sugar
Normal for person without diabetes: 70–99 mg/dl (3.9–5.5 mmol/L)
Official ADA (American Diabetes Association) recommendation for someone with diabetes: 80–130 mg/dl (4.4–7.2 mmol/L) 1
- Normal blood sugar 2 hours after meals
Normal for person without diabetes: Less than 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/L)
Official ADA recommendation for someone with diabetes: Less than 180 mg/dl (10.0 mmol/L) 1
Normal for person without diabetes: Less than 5.7%
Official ADA recommendation for someone with diabetes: Less than 7.0% 1
3. Try not to use the same finger all the time
Many people choose to use the same fingers and the same parts when testing, partly because everyone has their own preferences, but also because calluses can build up and reduce discomfort. However, it is much better to change your fingers each day or each time. This allows the stabbed finger to heal and also helps avoid pain from repeated jabs.
If your blood sugar readings are mostly consistent, you can even try other areas of testing, such as using the palm of your hand, if you want to keep your fingers away on a regular basis. You can also prevent soreness by simply using different points on the same finger.
4. Take steps to prevent infection
It is best to follow the safe injection strategies recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in order to prevent infection. Never ever share your blood sugar monitoring equipment with others, always dispose of the lancet and strip after each use, and carefully wait until your fingers stop bleeding before resuming any activity.
5. Check the expiration date on the test strips
Just like many of the products and food we buy, test strips for blood glucometers do also have an expiration date. For the best possible results, it is crucial to make sure that yours have not expired. You have to take extra care of yourself when you are living with diabetes. By taking care to monitor your blood sugar properly, you are on your way to taking control of your diabetes. It is also important to note to keep the strips out of sunlight and away from moisture. It’s best to keep them at room temperature or cooler, but not freezing.
At the same time, you can also consider the below natural way to keep your blood glucose levels within the healthy zone:
LABO Nutrition Mulbiotic (sachets) and (capsules)
LABO Nutrition Mulbiotic is a natural sugar blocker which helps to regulate blood glucose levels. Formulated with 3 superfoods - Organic Mulberry Leaf Extract enhanced with a proprietary synbiotic blend of shelf-stable LactoSpore® Probiotic and Fenumannan® prebiotic, Mulbiotic helps reduce sugar absorption after a high-carb meal and accelerates glucose metabolism to keep blood glucose levels within the healthy zone. It is free of refined sugar, caffeine, preservatives, coloring and flavoring, 100% pure & organic. Mulbiotic is a keto- and vegan- friendly formula, highly recommended for anyone who has a sweet tooth or must have carbohydrates in every meal, as well as for those with blood glucose concerns. With a daily intake of Mulbiotic, you can enjoy your favourite foods with peace of mind knowing your blood glucose would not spike erratically after a carbo-rich or sugary meal.
In addition, Mulbiotic is packed with many vitamins and minerals, particularly vitamin C, iron and modest amounts of potassium, vitamins E and K. Vitamin C is an essential nutrient for skin, blood vessels, cartilage and muscles. Iron is a crucial mineral for transporting oxygen throughout the body, while potassium is imperative for lowering blood pressure and risks of heart disease. Vitamin E is an antioxidant that protects against oxidative stress and vitamin K is indispensable for blood clotting and bone building. On top of these, Mulbiotic is also rich in various types of antioxidants, including anthocyanins, cyanidin, chlorogenic acid, rutin and myricetin, which collectively help suppress oxidation of LDL (bad) cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart diseases and other chronic conditions.