Low blood pressure, also known as Hypotension, is when you have a blood pressure of 90mmHg (systolic) over 60mmHg (diastolic) and lower. This means that your blood pressure range is lower than the normal healthy levels. You may experience symptoms such as dizziness (severe or faint), blurred vision, fatigue, nausea and poor concentration.
Here are some ways to raise low blood pressure:
1. Drink plenty of water
Hypotension can sometimes be caused by dehydration. It is even possible to have hypotension due to mild dehydration.
Your body can get dehydrated by quick water loss due to vomiting, severe diarrhoea, fever, strenuous exercise and excessive sweating. Medications such as diuretics may also lead to dehydration. It is important to stay hydrated by drinking enough water daily. This can increase blood volume in the body, improve dehydration and raise the blood pressure.
2. Exercise regularly
People with low blood pressure should exercise regularly. Exercises such as walking and running helps to improve blood circulation in the lower limbs, contract muscles, improve blood flow and increase blood pressure.
3. Consume more sodium and gain some weight
Eating and drinking high amounts of salt (sodium) will raise the blood pressure. This is why patients with high blood pressure (hypertension) are strictly prohibited from eating too much salt.
However, it is fine for people with hypotension to eat a little more salt. Most commercially available low-sodium salt uses potassium to replace part of the sodium, thus reducing the sodium content and salty taste. The increased intake of potassium results in a slight blood pressure lowering effect, so individuals with low blood pressure are not advised to consume food with low sodium salt. In addition, if you are underweight, you can eat a little more to bring the weight back to normal and raise the blood pressure slightly higher.
4. Consuming caffeine
Most people with high blood pressure are strictly prohibited from taking caffeine because it will result in a short but dramatic increase in your blood pressure. However, for patients with hypotension, drinking caffeine products such as tea or coffee at the right time can help to raise their blood pressure.
5. Eat a balanced diet
Low blood pressure and other side effects can be a result of nutrients deficiency. Anemia, a condition that happens when your body does not produce enough blood can be due to low levels of vitamin B-12, folic acid, and iron. This in turn can lead to low blood pressure. Your doctor may recommend changes to your daily diet and inclusion of supplements to improve anemia.
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